FFAP16 Mk I P16.04 P16 Mk II P16 Mk III AFAAA7 AJ7 AR7 
Fifth P16 (Mk III) 
In 1948 the Swiss Air Force tendered a requirement for a multirole aircraft capable of shorttakeoffs from runways situated in high mountain valleys. Prototypes were ordered from two Swiss firms, EFW and FFA. The Flug und Fahrzeugwerke aircraft was known as the P16, and was designed for interception and close support duties, and was selected over the competing EFW N.20 design.
Two Mk I prototypes were built. These were considered to be a bit underpowered, so four Mk II prototypes were ordered with a more powerful engine. After the loss of the first and third aircraft, the program was cancelled. FFA apparently held out hope for a production order, as the remaining two aircraft were completed to Mk III standard. A new company, Aktiengesellschaft für Flugzeugunternehmungen Altenrhein (AFA or AFU) was formed to continue development. Three reengined variants, which also would have had slightly revised armament and electronics, were proposed: the AA7, AJ7 and AR7, respectively with the SNECMA Atar 9C, General Electric J79 and RollsRoyce RB.168. It was planned to modify the two Mk III prototypes, but no orders were forthcoming. The wing design, including the tip tanks, was later used as the basis for the Learjet business jet. At least one P16 Mk III survives at the Fliegermuseum Altenrhein.
Timeline
Specifications  P16 Mk I  P16.04  P16 Mk II  P16 Mk III 
Designer(s)  Dr. Claudio Caroni Dr. Ing. Hans L. Stüder? 
Dr. Claudio Caroni Dr. Ing. Hans L. Stüder? 
Dr. Claudio Caroni Dr. Ing. Hans L. Stüder? 
Dr. Claudio Caroni Dr. Ing. Hans L. Stüder? 
Mission Type  Multirole STOL fighter  Multirole STOL fighter  Multirole STOL fighter  Multirole STOL fighter 
Powerplant  1 x 7,900 lb (3,583 kg) s.t. Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire ASSa.6 turbojet  1 x 7,900 lb (3,583 kg) s.t. Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire ASSa.6 turbojet  1 x 11,000 lb (4,990 kg) s.t. Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire ASSa.7 turbojet  1 x 11,000 lb (4,990 kg) s.t. Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire ASSa.7 turbojet 
Dimensions  
Span  36 ft 1 in (11 m)  36 ft 1 in (11 m)  36 ft 7 in (11.14 m)  36 ft 7 in (11.14 m) 
Length  45 ft 11 in (14 m)  45 ft 11 in (14 m)  46 ft 9 in (14.24 m)  46 ft 9 in  46 ft 11 in (14.24  14.3 m) 
Height  14 ft 9 in (4.5 m)  14 ft 9 in (4.5 m)  13 ft 5 in (4.1 m)  13 ft 5 in  13 ft 11.25 in (4.1  4.25 m) 
Wing area  ?  ?  ?  322.92 sq ft (30 m^{2}) 
Weights  
Empty  ?  ?  ?  15,520 lb (7,040 kg) 
Loaded  ?  ?  ?  20,500 lb (9,300 kg) 
Max  ?  ?  25,795 lb (11,700 kg)  25,795  25,838 lb (11,700  11,720 kg) 
Performance  
Max speed  ?  ?  685 mph (1,100 km/hr)  685 mph @ unspecified altitude (1,100 km/hr) 696 mph @ unspecified altitude (1,120 km/hr) 620 mph @ 26,245 ft (998 km/hr @ 8,000 m) 
Cruise speed         
Stall speed  112 mph (180 km/hr)  112 mph (180 km/hr)  112 mph (180 km/hr)  112 mph (180 km/hr) 
Max initial climb rate  12,795 ft/min (65 m/s)  12,795 ft/min (65 m/s)  12,795 ft/min (65 m/s)  12,795 ft/min (65 m/s) 
Time to 32,810 ft (10,000 m)  4 min  4 min  4 min  4 min 
Service ceiling  45,930 ft (14,000 m)  45,930 ft (14,000 m)  45,930 ft (14,000 m)  45,930 ft (14,000 m) 
Range  470 miles @ low altitude (755 km) 920 miles on internal fuel (1,480 km) 620 miles with external fuel (1,000 km) 
470 miles @ low altitude (755 km) 920 miles on internal fuel (1,480 km) 620 miles with external fuel (1,000 km) 
470 miles @ low altitude (755 km) 920 miles on internal fuel (1,480 km) 620 miles with external fuel (1,000 km) 
470 miles @ low altitude (755 km) 920 miles on internal fuel (1,480 km) 620 miles with external fuel (1,000 km) 
Armament 


Crew  One  One  One  One 
User  Switzerland (Air Force, not operational)  Switzerland (Air Force, not operational)  Switzerland (Air Force, not operational)  Switzerland (Air Force, not operational) 
Number built  One  One  Four  Two or three Mk II's completed as. 100 production aircraft ordered, none built. 
Construction Numbers  ?  ?  ?  ? 
Serial Numbers  J3001  J3002  J3003, J3004, J3005  J3004, J3005 
Test Pilots  Hans Häfliger  ?  ?  ? 
Specifications  AA7  AJ7  AR7 
Designer(s)  ?  ?  ? 
Mission Type  Multirole STOL fighter  Multirole STOL fighter  Multirole STOL fighter 
Powerplant  1 x 13,200 lb (5,987 kg) reheated s.t. SNECMA Atar 9C turbojet  1 x 15,800 lb (7,167 kg) reheated s.t. General Electric J79GE11A turbojet  1 x 13,000 lb (5,897 kg) s.t. RollsRoyce RB.16825 turbojet 
Dimensions  
Span  36 ft 6.5 in (11.14 m)  36 ft 6.5 in (11.14 m)  36 ft 6.5 in (11.14 m) 
Length  40 ft 8.75 in (14.24 m)  40 ft 8.75 in (14.24 m)  40 ft 8.75 in (14.24 m) 
Height  14 ft (4.27 m)  14 ft (4.27 m)  14 ft (4.27 m) 
Wing area  ?  ?  ? 
Weights  
Empty  ?  ?  ? 
Loaded  ?  ?  ? 
Max  25,340 lb (11,495 kg)  25,980 lb (11,785 kg)  25,035 lb (11,355 kg) 
Performance  
Max speed  708 mph @ sl & max weight, est. (1,140 km/hr)  727 mph @ sl & max weight, est. (1,170 km/hr)  690 mph @ sl & max weight, est. (1,110 km/hr) 
Cruise speed       
Max initial climb rate  23,230 ft/min @ max weight, est. (118 m/sec)  28,150 ft/min @ max weight, est. (143 m/s)  14,765 ft/min @ max weight, est. (75 m/sec) 
Service ceiling  ?  ?  ? 
Range  380 miles (610 km) internal fuel 503 miles (810 km) external fuel 
465 miles (750 km) internal fuel 620 miles (1,000 km) external fuel 
627 miles (1,010 km) internal fuel 830 miles (1,340 km) external fuel 
Armament  
Crew  One  One  One 
User       
Number built  None  None  None 
Construction Numbers       
Serial Numbers       
Web Links
Sources
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© 19972005, Robert Beechy
http://fire.prohosting.com/uncommon/aircraft/p16/index.html
Originally posted 3 October 1998
Modified: 01/01/2005